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Rehabilitation knowledge for prosthesis suppliers installation
How much do you know about rehabilitation before and after prosthesis suppliers installation? Here is the information we collected for you to understand together. The period from the wound healing to the installation of permanent prosthesis is called prophase of prosthesis. At this stage, in addition to health exercise, we should also emphasize the exercise of joint activity and muscle strength. When there is joint contracture, passive joint function traction can be used to correct the deformity. Muscle strength exercises include the manipulation of the power muscles of the prosthesis, the fixation muscles of the proximal joints, and the shoulder strap muscles and the extensor elbow muscles necessary for walking with crutches. There are four basic prosthesis manipulations: shoulder forward flexion and shoulder shrug; forearm pronation and supination, which should be focused on strengthening the muscle strength and joint range of motion. When the prosthesis suppliers is installed, it is of special significance to use the method of EMG feedback training to increase EMG signal and improve its random control. When amputation of lower limbs, one leg walking and walking with crutches should be practiced in walking apparatus or parallel bars as early as possible.
After the prosthesis suppliers is installed, in addition to the above-mentioned training, the training is mainly based on the functional design of the prosthesis. Training should be gradual, from simple to complex. On the basis of the basic operation of the upper limb prosthesis, such as flexion, extension, rotation, opening and closing of the prosthesis, the movement of daily life activities is practiced. The practice must be carried out continuously and repeatedly, gradually making the movement more skilled and handy, so as to improve efficiency, save energy and reach the practical level. Otherwise, the design and manufacture of precision prostheses can not play its due role. After the prosthesis is is installed on the lower limbs, the standing, balance, walking, going up and down the stairs, lying down and standing up, cycling and other exercises should be carried out to form a good habit. We should also practice loading and unloading of prostheses, which should be completed independently and smoothly. When the basic functions are restored well, special sports for the disabled can be carried out if conditions permit, so as to further improve health and quality of life.
Use of immediate prostheses suppliers: in recent years, for young patients who are not amputated due to vascular diseases, it is recommended to install temporary prostheses immediately after operation. The method is to use plaster as a hard bandage on the stump after the operation, and then install the temporary prosthesis of rod type outside the reinforced plaster. One to two days after the operation, some weight-bearing exercises can be started in the walker or balance bar, and the weight should be increased gradually. You can first use the prosthesis to step on the weight meter, experience the feeling of different weight-bearing limbs, master the weight-bearing according to this feeling, and check it frequently. The upper limbs carry most of the load through crutches, balance bars or walkers. The residual limb load was no more than 5kg in the first two days after operation, no more than 10kg before wound healing and no more than 15kg in four weeks after operation. For the first time, practice once a day for 1-5 minutes, and then gradually increase the training times and training time. First, walk in the balance bar or walker, then walk with double crutches, replace the plaster every 10 days or so, and then assemble the permanent prosthesis about 1 month after the operation.
Early rehabilitation training and fitting the prosthesis as soon as possible can avoid almost all the flexion contracture, so that you can get a better installation effect after fitting the prosthesis suppliers. The above is a small compilation of relevant information, hoping to help more disabled people from all walks of life friends.